When it comes to choosing the right type of roof for your home, there are a lot of factors to take into consideration. Nowdays there are more styles and types in the market than ever before. We can find natural materials like slate and wood. Going deeper into the market we should find also manufactured products such as asphalt, metal and plastic tiles. These are gonna cover every need that comes for every house.
Remember that every one of the roof tiles has it’s own advantages and disadvantages. Also they can all add a unique design element to your home. Below we are going to present you with the different types in the market and their characteristics, in order to be able to find the right one in choosing the right type of roof.
The right tiles for your application
When we are ready to make a renovation or a new roof in our residence, we should ask our selfs some questions. We should take into considaration the factors below:
- How long we expect it to last
- If it is going to withstand in case of natural disasters
- If the house framework can withstand the total weight
- The slope that our roof is going to have
- The appearance of the tiles should complement the style of the house
- If the materials we use are environmentally friendly and recyclable
- The local building codes to see if they allow certain type of roofing
- The overall cost of the tiles needed
Pros and cons of different roof tiles
There are a variety of roof types and some of them are going to be better for your home, than the others. Your choices can be limited from factors such as the slope of the roof and also the strength of the frame your residence has. In the next section we are going to show you the different types of roofing that are available.
Asphalt tiles roof
Asphalt tiles tends to be the most popular type of roof for homes. They are made of either organic paper fiber (better in cold weather and wind protection), or fiberglass (better for fire and moisture protection), impregnated with asphalt and coated with mineral grains. Their appearance is available in traditional tiles, with 3 ridges or in thicker tiles with laminates. They are non environmentally friendly as it is an oil based product, but it can be recycled.
Considering their durability, the are not so durable compared to slate. They can moderate into their weight and we can use them in relatively low roof slopes and steeper. They have a good resistance in the fire and moderate tolerance to the wind. Their cost varies from low to moderate one.
While metal is more expensive than asphalt, metal tile roofs last longer and are more wind resistant. The materials they can be made of are steel, aluminum, copper or zinc alloy. The steel roofs have either a tin cladding or a painted finish. Copper roofs are installed without finishing and need protection for the oxidation of copper over time. Considering their appearance, they are available in sheets or tiles that look like other materials.
They are also environmentally friendly made from recyclable materials and can be recycled when replaced. They absorb 33% less heat than asphalt. Their durability is moderate to very durable, depending on the material. They have a low weight and are available for low and high slope roofs. They also has a good resistance to fire and wind and their cost is moderate from steel to expensive copper.
Plastic tiles for roofing
Here, we are talking about durable synthetic roof tiles that looks like either wood or slate. They are made of high quality plastic polymer material, with their appearance made to look like wood or slate. They are environmentally friendly, as some are made from recyclable materials and they can be recycled when replaced. When durability comes in mind, you should know that they can last a long time with low maintenance.
Their weight is light to medium and can be used on medium and large slope roofs. The resistance they have in fire and wind is good and their cost is moderate
Roofs with Clay tiles
While they are fragile and heavy, clay tiles last a long time and are very fire resistant. They are made of natural clay that has been burned in a kiln. Their appearance is the traditional Italian or Spanish one, that can also be made to look like wood or slate. They are environmentally friendly as they are made from natural materials but require significant energy to build. Clay tiles can last for a long time with low maintenance, but are fragile and break.
Remember that you should have a reinforced roof frame to support them and that they can be used on medium and large slope roofs. This tiles has an excellent fire resistance and moderate to low wind resistance. Their cost is large.
Less expensive than clay, concrete tiles are also heavy but last a long time and are very fire resistant. They are made from a mixture of cement and sand and can be made to look like traditional clay tiles, wood or slate. They are environmentally friendly, as they are made from natural materials, but require significant energy to build. Concrete tiles are going to last a long time with low maintenance but can break.
They require a reinforced roof frame to support them as they habe a big weight and can be used on medium and large slope roofs. Having an excellent fire resistance and moderate to low wind resistance, their cost is medium.
Slate tiles roofing
Slate is one of the oldest housing materials. Although it is fragile and expensive, it is very durable and has good resistance to both fire and wind. They are made of natural slate, by the appearance of usually dark gray in color and irregular in appearance. They are environmentally friendly and durable, as they are made from natural materials and can last for a long time. Remember that we need a reinforced roof frame to support them, as they are heavy.
They Can only be used on sloping roofs and have a good resistance to fire and wind. Very expensive tiles that needs specially trained workers for their installation.
Wood tiles are made of rot-resistant wood but have low fire resistance. They are usually made of cedar, but can also be made of other types of wood that are resistant to rot, having a natural appearance of silver and gray. They are environmentally friendly, as they are made from natural materials, having a short lifespan with the need of a periodic maintenance.
They can moderate in weight and can be used on medium and large slope roofs. This type of roof tiles has a good resistance in wind, their fire resistance is poor and their cost is medium.
Hope having helped you in your choice about the different materials we can use in the roof of our home. Remember that you should always carefully choose the appropriate one’s for your situation. If you have any question you can call for a professionals, that will guide you to the perfect solution.